The connection between the back and foot might seem remote but it is not. It is possible to experience foot pain due to back injury as there are nerves in your spine that extend all the way down to your legs and feet. Any injury to the spine can damage these nerves and the effect can trickle down to the feet. However, foot pain due to back injury is different from normal foot pain. Coming next, you will learn the connection between a back injury and foot pain and how you could tell if your foot pain is due to a problem in your spine.
See a Neurosurgeon in Los Angeles for the treatment of foot pain due to back injury: You can schedule an appointment with Dr. Moksha Ranasinghe who is the lead neurosurgeon at Southern California Brain & Spine Surgery. Fill out the contact form or call the clinic at (213)-369 4583.
Normal foot pain due to an ankle twist or a minor injury goes away within 4-5 days with little massage and care. Food pain that is caused as a result of spinal injury worsens over time. Such foot pain exhibits the following symptoms;
Spinal nerves in your lumbar (lower) spine travel all the way down to your legs and end at your feet. Foot pain is normally caused when there is a compression or irritation in the nerve roots. Other than this, nerve compression in the hip, knee or foot itself can also cause foot pain.
Following are some of the most common reasons that can cause nerve compression in the lumbar spine leading to foot pain.
Disc degeneration is one of the main causes of lower back pain that can lead to foot pain. There are many other diseases that are caused due to disc degeneration, for example, facet joint syndrome in the lower back, scoliosis, bone spurs, osteoarthritis, etc. In this condition, discs in vertebrae get degenerated due to wear and tear as a result of aging. These discs have gel-like fluid in them that slips through the crack of deteriorated discs and compresses the nearby spinal nerves.
Spinal stenosis refers to a condition in which the space inside the vertebrae gets narrowed due to reasons like arthritis, herniated disc, osteophytes, etc. Symptoms of spinal stenosis take time to appear. Normally, people with ages above 50 are diagnosed with spinal stenosis but it can also occur in young people in case of direct injury to the spine.
Vertebrae have soft jelly-like discs between them to provide stability and flexibility to the spine. Disc herniation occurs when the soft part within these discs slips out due to a crack in the outer port portion of the disc. It creates a bulge that can compress nerves in the lower spine causing pain.
Spondylolisthesis occurs when a vertebra in the spine slips onto the other vertebra below/above it. When a vertebra slips out of its position, it can exert pressure on the neighboring nerves causing nerve compression. Spondylolisthesis can occur anywhere in the spine but it commonly occurs in the lumbar spine.
This is one of the most common conditions associated with foot pain. It derives its name from the sciatic nerve that originates from your lower back and runs all the way down to your feet. This nerve gets compressed due to one of the reasons mentioned above and causes foot pain. You can tell apart the foot pain due to sciatica from regular foot pain by observing symptoms. If your foot pain is accompanied by pain in your lower back and you sense tingling and numbness in the foot, it is most probably due to sciatica.
Depending upon the cause of foot pain, different treatment methods can be used. Two major categories of treatment for foot pain due to back injury are; nonsurgical or conservative treatments and surgical treatments.
If the nerve compression is not severe, different combinations of conservative treatments can help manage the pain. Following are some of the most commonly used conservative treatments;
If the underlying issue cannot be treated with nonsurgical methods, it becomes necessary to treat it with surgery. By now, you must have realized that the major reason for foot pain due to back injury is compression in the lumbar spine. So surgery would be needed that can decompress the nerves and relieve patients of pain. For example, if you have a Herniated Disc, it can be treated with microdiscectomy and a degenerated disc is replaced by artificial disc replacement surgery.
Surgery is a permanent solution to nerve compression however, it comes with risks. At times, patients do not feel comfortable going under the knife as they are afraid of post-surgical infections, excessive bleeding, or being put under anesthesia.
Read more about different surgical and non-surgical treatments for back pain
Open surgeries have many drawbacks; excessive blood loss and long recovery periods to name a few. To avoid these, neurosurgeons nowadays use less invasive techniques. Minimally invasive surgeries are less painful and have a fast recovery. However, not all conditions are treated with MIS. Your doctor will decide which approach to go with. He/she takes into account a number of factors; location and severity of the injury, age of the patient, patient’s preference, and medical history.